Frederick D. Gregory (Colonel, USAF)
Source: Johnson Space Center
Born January 7, 1941, in Washington, D.C. His mother, Mrs.
Nora D. Gregory, is a resident of Washington, D.C.
Brown hair; brown eyes; 5 feet 11 inches; 190 pounds.
Graduated from Anacostia High School, Washington, D.C., in
1958; received a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Air Force Academy in
1964, and a Master's degree in Information Systems from George Washington University in
Married to the former Barbara Archer of Washington, D.C. Her
father, Mr. Aaron E. Archer, resides in Forest Heights, Maryland.
Frederick, D., Jr., a Captain in the Air Force, and a
graduate of Stanford University. Heather Lynn, a social worker and graduate of Sweet Briar
During his free time, he enjoys water skiing, fishing,
hunting, specialty cars, and stereo equipment.
Member, Society of Experimental Test Pilots, Order of
Daedalians, American Helicopter Society, Air Force Academy Association of Graduates, the
Air Force Association, Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity, the National Technical Association, and
the Tuskegee Airmen. He is also on the Board of Directors for the Young Astronaut Council,
the Challenger Center for Space Science Education, and the Virginia Air and Space Center -
Hampton Roads History Center.
Awarded the Defense Superior Service Medal, 2 Distinguished
Flying Crosses, the Defense Meritorious Service Medal, the Meritorious Service Medal, 16
Air Medals, the Air Force Commendation Medal, and 3 NASA Space Flight Medals. Recipient of
the NASA Outstanding Leadership Award; the National Society of Black Engineers
Distinguished National Scientist Award (1979); an honorary doctor of science degree from
the University of the District of Columbia (1986); and the George Washington University
Distinguished Alumni Award. Designated an "Ira Eaker Fellow" by the Air Force
Association. Recipient of numerous NASA group and individual achievement awards as well as
civic and community awards.
After graduating from the United States Air Force Academy in
1964, Gregory entered pilot training and attended undergraduate helicopter training at
Stead Air Force Base, Nevada. He received his wings in 1965 and was assigned as an H-43
helicopter rescue pilot at Vance AFB, Oklahoma, from October 1965 until May 1966. In June
1966, he was assigned as an H-43 combat rescue pilot at Danang AB, Vietnam. When he
returned to the United States in July 1967, he was assigned as a missile support
helicopter pilot flying the UH-1F at Whiteman AFB, Missouri. In January 1968, Gregory was
retrained as a fixed-wing pilot flying the T-38 at Randolph AFB, Texas. He was then
assigned to the F-4 Phantom Combat Crew Training Wing at Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona.
Gregory attended the United States Naval Test Pilot School at Patuxent River Naval Air
Station, Maryland, from September 1970 to June 1971.
Following completion of his training, he was assigned to the
4950th Test Wing, Wright Patterson AFB. Ohio, as an operational test pilot flying fighters
and helicopters. In June 1974, Gregory was detailed to the NASA Langley Research Center,
Hampton, Virginia. He served as a research test pilot at Langley until selected for the
Astronaut Program in January 1978.
Gregory has logged more than 6,976 hours flying time in over
50 types of aircraft -- including 550 combat missions in Vietnam. He holds an FAA
commercial and instrument certificate for single and multi-engine airplanes and
helicopters. He has authored or co-authored several papers in the areas of aircraft
handling qualities and cockpit design.
Gregory was selected as an astronaut in January 1978. His
technical assignments include: Astronaut Office representative at the Kennedy Space Center
during initial Orbiter checkout and launch support for STS-1 and STS-2; Flight Data File
Manager; lead spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM); Chief, Operational Safety, NASA
Headquarters, Washington, D.C.; Chief, Astronaut Training; and a member of the Orbiter
Configuration Control Board and the Space Shuttle Program Control Board. A veteran of
three Shuttle missions, he served as pilot on STS-51B (April 29 - May 6, 1985), and was
the spacecraft commander on STS-33 (November 22-27, 1989), and STS-44 (November 24 -
December 1, 1991).
On his first mission, Gregory was pilot on STS-
51B/Spacelab-3 which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on April 29, 1985. The
crew on board the Orbiter Challenger included spacecraft commander, Robert Overmyer;
mission specialist, Norman Thagard, William Thornton, and Don Lind; and payload
specialists, Taylor Wang and Lodewijk Vandenberg. On this second flight of the laboratory
developed by the European Space Agency (ESA), the crew members conducted a broad range of
scientific experiments ranging from space physics to the suitability of animal-holding
facilities. The crew also deployed the Northern Utah Satellite (NUSAT). After seven days
of around-the-clock scientific operations, Challenger and its laboratory cargo landed on
the dry lakebed at Edwards AFB, California, on May 6, 1985.
He was the spacecraft commander on STS-33 which launched at
night, from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on November 22, 1989. On board the Orbiter
Discovery, his crew included the pilot, John Blaha, and three mission specialists, Manley
(Sonny) Carter, Story Musgrave, and Kathryn Thornton. The mission carried Department of
Defense payloads and other secondary payloads. After 79 orbits of the Earth, this five-
day mission concluded on November 27, 1989, with a hard surface landing on Runway 04 at
Edwards AFB, California.
More recently, Gregory commanded a crew of six aboard the
launched at night on November 24, 1991, from Kennedy Space Flight Center, Florida. During
110 orbits of the Earth, the crew successfully deployed their prime payload, the Defense
Support Program (DSP) satellite. They worked on a variety of secondary payloads ranging
from the Military Man in Space experiment designed to evaluate the ability of a spaceborne
observer to gather information about ground troops, equipment and facilities, and also
participated in extensive studies evaluating medical countermeasures to long duration
space flight. His crew included the pilot Tom Henricks; three mission specialists, Story
Musgrave, Jim Voss, and Mario Runco Jr., and payload specialist Tom Hennen. The mission
concluded on December 1, 1991, with a landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
With the completion of his third mission, Gregory has logged over 455 hours in space.
Current Assignment: On April 28, 1992, Colonel Gregory was
appointed Associate Administrator, Office of Safety and Mission Quality, NASA
Headquarters, Washington, D.C.
Currently Associate Administrator, Safety
& Mission Assurance, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C.
U.S. SENATE CONFIRMS
FREDERICK D. GREGORY, NASA'S FIRST AFRICAN-AMERICAN DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR